Wednesday 28 October 2020


Refugee: Refugees are people who have fled war, violence, conflict or persecution and have crossed an international border to find safety in another country.

Asylum Seeker: This is someone who has come to the UK and has made a formal claim for asylum.  They are entitled to be in the UK during their claim and are not illegal.  It does not matter if they entered the country without proper papers, as long as they have presented themselves to the Home Office and have claimed asylum.  Most asylum seekers do not have permission to work and none can claim state benefits.  They are supported directly by the Home Office.

Failed Asylum Seeker: If an asylum claim has been rejected, the asylum seeker is said to be refused asylum, and called a failed asylum seeker. Some failed asylum seekers are allowed to remain temporarily, some return home voluntarily and some are forcibly returned.

Economic Migrant: a person who travels from one country or area to another in order to improve their standard of living.

Unaccompanied Aslyum-Seeking Children: Unaccompanied children under the age of 16 or 18, who claim asylum, they come under the responsibility of the local authority in which they are identified.

Section 95 support: If an asylum applicant is homeless or without money to buy food (destitute) they may be eligible for support under Section 95 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006.  If they are not able to support themselves and their family whilst their application is considering, they may apply for money and somewhere to live.  If housing is provided, the applicant would not be able to choose where they live. The applicant would be sent to wherever suitable housing is available within the UK.  

Section 4 support - If an asylum applicant has been rejected and has exhausted their appeal rights, the UKBA rules that they must make arrangements to return to their country of origin as soon as possible. However, whilst they are preparing to return to their country they may be able to receive short-term support if there is a temporary barrier to this and they would otherwise be homeless or without the money to buy food, or “destitute”. This is known as Section 4 support because it is given under the terms of Section 4 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006. 

Section 98: This is support for individuals in Initial Accommodation. This is full-board accommodation for those who require support pending assessment of their entitlement for full UKBA support under section 95.

Subsistence only support: his is generally granted under Section 95, where accommodation support is not required and the claimant receives financial support only to enable them to buy essential items such as food, clothing and toiletries.

Indefinite Leave to remain in the UK: this is granted to people who can’t show they have been persecuted but can demonstrate that they should be protected.  Such people can stay in the UK indefinitely and can work and claim state benefits.